Due to rising infertility cases the World over, fertility treatments have become one of the most lucrative medical practices in India. The treatments though costly, are for a good cause. Nevertheless, the clinics and hospitals are giving rise to employment and fetching foreign exchange for the country.
Earlier administered by quacks and sages with deadly consequences, infertility treatment is now a safe medical practice with delivery being well researched, tried, and tested. In addition, there are specialized clinics that conduct procedures that enable impregnation through conception among childless couples.
The treatment in India is highly successful thanks to well-equipped modern clinics helmed by expert doctors and surgeons. Analysis and diagnosis are key to determining disorders that prevent conception in human beings, and the country excels in this aspect as well. Like in all modern medicines, lab technicians and experts in allied medical services matter a lot.
The high success rate has brought reputation to the country’s hospitals and clinics engaged in assisted reproduction. This has attracted many childless couples to come here for treatment. Another reason for many childless couples arriving for treatments in India is the low cost but quality delivery. This is the winning factor in which the country and the medical institutions excel.
Egg (oocyte, female gamete) donation is one of the many lines of treatments and procedures applied to enable conception. The donor is usually from an external source, but often, matching physical attributes and traits is the criteria upon which acceptance occurs. Unfortunately, due to fear of inbreeding, egg belonging to relatives is not legal for conception.
The paid endowment of oocytes in India is legalized, and monetary gains are the benefits contributors seek; these are known as paid donors. There are oocytes bank which assists childless women to obtain a fertile egg from the females. This kind of assistance is also provided by IVF clinics that have oocyte banks. Some agents also influence or contact women willing for this service. Still, the activity is subject to rules and regulations that prevent illegal transfers and protect women’s health. Most of the donations are anonymous, while some may be known. Medical and genetic screening is essential in this kind of fertility treatment. The activity is governed by The Assisted Reproductive Technology Bill 2020 based upon the guidelines provided by ICMR or the Indian Council of Medical Research.
Egg Donation in India
The human egg, also known as the female gamete, is fertilized by male sperm inside the womb to conceive conception. In barren females’ need for external egg arises under the following conditions:
• Improper formation of oocyte
• Ovarian deficiency
• Ovarian Failure
• Old age
• Repeated IVF failure
• Transfer risk of inheritable diseases
The number of hospitals and clinics providing assisted reproduction facilities is impressive. The IVF or fertility clinics, as they are known, are spread over the major towns and metros and have gained a reputation for quality treatments with a high rate of success.
The legitimate adult donor is willing; she has to be between 25 to 35years and has at least one child. She should be willing to undergo medical tests and screening as required. The procedure is allowed for up to three times only since the limit is a prerequisite for women’s health. The procedure takes up to ten days and is invasive. Paid donors usually get between Rs.25000 to Rs.35000 each time though this amount can be higher or lower depending upon the contract between the receiver and the giver. This becomes a source of sustenance; however, the rules prevent exploitation, making the whole exercise morally safe.
There is no official record of cycles being carried out in our country. However, the number is increasing at a doubling rate every year. This is because many women seeking fertile eggs in the USA are most likely to visit India for these procedures.
Fueled by medical tourism, the IVF treatment is expected to grow from around Rs.1000 crores to over Rs.2500 crores annually by 2022. The requirement for female gamete is in the ratio of 2:10 among the infertile couples in the country. Most of the couples seeking oocytes stress upon the physical features of the donor, and some even pay directly to the donor if they feel the match is perfect.
The only drawback in this medical practice is the overproduction of eggs in willing females in the IVF clinics using hormones, the consequences of which have not been studied thoroughly so far. Thus, what impact the hormone injections will lead to nobody knows? The most likely sufferers would be poor women for whom this has become an easy income source.